Type of nails

Types of Nails

Types of Nails: THE Guide To Selecting The Appropriate Nails For Your Projects


Nailing is regarded as the most fundamental and most regularly used means of attaching members in the construction of wood frame. More often than not, nailing is used as a structural connection and thus appearance isn’t a factor. Special cases are nails utilized for decking, cladding, and finish work, by which adequate care in choosing the nail type can prompt improved appearance.

Screws depend on threads to create withdrawal resistance. Nails are quicker to install, especially with a nail gun, however, depend primarily on friction in order to resist withdrawal. Thus, designs ought to guarantee that nails are stacked laterally and that withdrawal loads are kept to a base. Nails are produced in lengths ranging from 13mm (1/2″) to 150mm (6″). While spikes are produced in lengths ranging from 100mm (4″) to 350mm (14″) and they are of tougher ratio than nails.

Types of Nails

Nails are made in different sorts to suit particular applications. Nails are made of aluminum, brass, and copper, although regularly of steel. The steel might be galvanized or plain, the former being the right option for moist applications in which a rust-resistant nail is needed. The following is the list and all that you need to know as well about the most widely recognized types of nails.


Types of Nails

Common Nail

As the name implies, these are simply your regular nails. Utilized for rough constructions, the common nail can be obtained in lengths ranging from 1 to 6 inches (2d to 60d). The most recognized common nails are known as spikes.

Types of NailsBox Nail

These nails resemble common nails, however like thinner version. This implies they are more averse to cause wood

splitting; because they displace less wood, and they additionally have less holding capacity, so are not normally utilized where the strength of the structure is critical. You will find box nails available in 1 inch to 31/2 inches.

Types of Nails

Finishing Nail 

Finishing nails are utilized to finish works. At the point when the nail head will appear in the last product (same as moldings, for instance), finishing nails are frequently utilized in light of the fact that their barrel-shaped heads are so small that they can be driven beneath the surface of the wood utilizing a nail set (a strategy called countersinking).

Finishing nails can be found in lengths starting from 1 to 4 inches (2d to 20d).

Types of Nails

Casing Nail 

A close relation of the just mentioned nail type, the finishing nail, this casing nail is somewhat bigger and has expanded holding capacity. It is frequently utilized for joining moldings, for example, door and window casings where extra strength is needed.

BradTypes of Nails

Brads are basically small finishing nails, proportionately smaller in length and diameter (not more than an inch). They are utilized in frames making, joining plywood framing, and also in cabinet­work.

Roofing NailTypes of Nails

Roofing nails have lopsidedly vast, round heads and a little bit heavier shafts for their lengths. They are intended to hold roofing materials together, asphalt-based materials and composition.

With a specific end goal of resisting rust, roofing nails are made of aluminum or intensely galvanized. 3/4 inch to 13/4 inches in sizes are common; the penny framework is not utilized as a part of reference to roofing nails.

Masonry Nail 

Types of Nails

A few sorts of nails are being sold; all are intended to be driven into concrete or brick walls. These tough nails may have fluted shafts or be rectangular in section, however, all are hardened to resist breaking and bending as they enter rock-hard materials.

As masonry materials are, make sure to wear your safety goggles or glasses while nailing masonry nails, as flying chips are of big threat to your eyes.

Cut Flooring NailTypes of Nails

The solitary surviving direct relative of the once-prevailing cut nail is this flooring nail. These nails are strong, large, and often utilized a nailing machine.


Spiral Flooring NailTypes of Nails


Spiral flooring nails were customarily utilized for nailing subfloors and features a spiraled shaft. Nail guns and the particularly made nails utilized with them have outdated these nails in most construction works today.

Types of Nails

Annular Ring Nail

Regularly come in galvanized steel as we may know, annular ring nails are normally utilized as siding nails, to hold shingles or clapboards in place, or for framing or underlayment. They are normally thin, fixed with rings for additional holding capacity, and impervious to rust.

Duplex Nail

Types of Nails

This can be termed as a variation the common nail type. However, duplex nail features a second head, which is formed a short distance down the pole within the end of the nail. This nail type is utilized for temporary constructions (such as staging and scaf­folding) in light of the fact that it can be driven easily, yet easy to withdraw.


Other Nails

Drywall nails that feature rings around their necks are made for hanging wallboard; they traditionally have their heads driven somewhat beneath the surface of the plaster panel (the hammer strokes make dimples that are then filled in with joint plaster or compound).

Nails coated with cement are generally the weight and size of box nails, yet are coated using resin for additional holding capacity. They are utilized in nailing outside sheathing.



The most fundamental of clasp, nails are basic for construction works where the additional strength and cost of a screw is pointless. Common nails are meant for general utilize and are accessible in different sizes — if thickness of material permits it, pick one that is no less than three times longer than the depth of the thinner materials that are being nailed.

Traditional nails, specialty nails, and brads are intended for particular tasks or finishes and are designed in sizes reasonable for what they are intended for. The correct nail for a job should always be utilized. Always ensure that the nail you eventually pick is the one that is most suitable for the sort of job you are doing. What’s more, ensure to always patronize a company renowned for its durable and sturdy nails.

About the Author Jason Hall

Hey there, my name is Jason and I am the creator and editor of this site. I have been working in the construction industry for the past 14 years and my mission is to help you start your next renovation!

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