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Nail Gun Maintenance

Nail Gun Maintenance : Proper Guide To Be Adequately Followed

Nail Gun Maintenance: The Complete Guide

Nail guns are to a great degree solid and intended to withstand intense working conditions. Nonetheless, much the same as any machine that is worked to last; they need to be maintained regularly in order to upkeep their execution and for as long as they could!

It is suggested that you clean and greases up your nail gun for each 50,000 shots. In the event that it’s being utilized in a filthy condition or nailing at a very high rate for a long period of time, at this point, maintenance should be done regularly. Cleaning nail gun is simple and should not take more than 15 minutes.

Be familiar with your nail gun

Nails guns are basic tools, yet they should be taken care of with extraordinary care. Many workers get injured every year due to misfired nails. Make sure to buy tools that meet all the normal safety standards.

Before using your nail gun, ensure to adequately read the owner’s manual and acclimatize yourself with the safety features and fundamental parts of the gun. Never try to alter the tool in any capacity.

1- Unplug the nail gun before Performing Maintenance

To carry out any routine maintenance or cleaning, ensure to turn off the nail gun and disconnect it beforehand. Take the tool to an uncluttered clear area where there is plenty of light. Utilize clean nails that are free from rust for your nail gun.

2- Utilize air tool oil

When utilizing a nail gun, few drops of oil are added before beforehand. Typically, these drops are added at the base of the gun, yet you will like to also add a couple of drops of air device oil to the moving parts of the nail gun.

In case you will be using the nail gun for the whole of the day, you ought to be doing this intermittently all through your session in order to certify that the nail gun moves easily. The normal do’s of thumb is making sure that all moving parts are oiled, so one could rest assured that the gun is adequately lubricated.

3- Check the air hose

This is the part which conveys air directly from the tool’s compressor unto the end of the nail gun. Inspect the valves interfacing the hose to the gun’s compressor, and those associating the hose to the finish of the weapon.

These ought to be really tight in order to avoid air leakage from the nail gun. Also look out for indications of any damage around the hose, and if vital refit another hose. You may likewise need to consider securing a hose reel to make sure your hose doesn’t lay on the floor while using the gun, as this could damage the hose, and harm the user. Find

Nail Gun Maintenance

4- Grease up the air fitting

As mentioned above that you have to oil every part of your nail gun, however, you likewise need to grease up the air fitting. You should simply put about 4 to 5 drops of oil into the gun’s air fitting every day. There are many O-rings within the gun’s air fitting, and in order to ensure these O-rings are lubricated properly, you can make use of your fingers.

5- Clean the feed system

An unquestionable duty to be done on any air-filled nail gun. Every day upkeep is required for a nail gun feed system. How you would go about it is to use a can filled with compressed air to blow away any debris or dust that might be stuck within the nail gun feed system.

You can likewise wipe off the feed system before proceeding to use air. It is highly recommended to use a rag that wouldn’t jam the feed system by leaving any piece of fabric behind.

6- Check the Battery

In case you are utilizing a cordless nail gun, check the battery monthly and also find its expiration date. Some batteries or fuel cell, contingent upon the model, will have their expiration date or drop their charge level after sometimes. This is ought to be done on a monthly basis, particularly in the event that you see that the level by which your gun retains charge has come down.

Nail Gun Maintenance

7- Tighten bolts and screw monthly

It’s very vital to tighten any bolt or screw on your nail gun. Your nail gun screws could have been loosened by the vibration and substantial utilization of these nail guns. You might need to check your nail guns immediately just to see if the screws are tight after unpacking.

Note: Oil the moving parts, grease up the air fitting clean the feed system every day.

Conclusion

As we all know, a nail gun is simply an automatic tool that discharges nails onto wood, metal or any other construction materials with incredible force. In the event that you are working on building project or large-scale rebuilding, a nail gun is a vital tool and for that, should be adequately taken care of.

The above-mentioned guide will help you through inadequately maintaining your nail gun.

5 Simple Steps How To Unjam A Nail Gun

5 Simple Steps How To Unjam A Nail Gun

Nail guns are efficient power tools that are used in driving nails and staples into metal, wood and some other materials. They are utilized in the stead of the customary hand-held mallet as a result of their convenience and brisk outcomes.

Since nail guns get such a great amount of utilization on construction sites, they jam quite frequently. The task of unjamming a nail gun is amazingly simple, yet appropriate safety precautions must be followed to avoid injuries.

Why does a nail gun jam?

Nail guns are consistently utilized at a very high rate in areas like construction sites. This makes nail guns like the Bostitch N62FNK-2 more inclined to jams.  The more a nail gun gets used, the more probable you are to encounter a jam.

Jams can likewise happen when you are trying to drive a nail into a material, and there is something hindering the site of passage. In the event that you unintentionally put a nail in a spot where another nail is, it will probably constrain your nail toward the exit point of the gun and thereby result in a jam.

Safety first

Before tending to any issue with your nail gun, evacuate every power source, such as the fuel cell and the battery. Once your nail gun becomes inoperative, you can then proceed to clear the jam, however, make sure to keep it facing far from you.

Follow the simple steps below to unjam your nail gun:

 

1- Turn off the power source
Start by ensuring that the gun is turned off. Ensure that air is not stuck and then remove the batteries or cord. With that, you have maintained a strategic distance from it being turned on by mistake when working on it.

Now place a white rag underneath the nail gun to be able to see the nail effortlessly after ejecting it out from the barrel. As warned earlier, always ensure that the gun facing is far from you, to avoid any face injury that can happen when taking a shot at this undertaking.

2- Open up the barrel
The next action is to open the barrel and find the release switch. This will enable you to release the stuck or jam nails. Please note that you won’t find this switch with every nail gun. Most up to date models do, however numerous older models don’t.

So don’t freeze in the event that you don’t see one on your nail gun. On the off chance that your nail gun doesn’t have a release switch, then look inside the barrel to check for any nail that is lying down or in reverse position. So be calm to examine it in order to choose the next line of action.

3- Evacuate the stuck nails
In the event that you find a nail stuck in your gun, it is either you try pulling it out using a plier or use another nail to pry it out. Continue doing either of these until the point when the nail eventually gets out.

This might cost you much time, but if you are persistent enough, you will definitely get the job done sooner rather than later. Once more, this is just if your gun doesn’t have a release switch or on the off chance that they are actually stuck at the exit point.

4- Organize and refill
Evacuate the nails that might not be facing where they normally should be facing and refill the nail gun with nails facing the opening or the correct direction.

5- Close up and restore the power source
Close up the barrel and reestablish the power source. The power source will probably be batteries or power cord. At that point, you can start using the nail gun again.

Here is a great video that can help you unjam a nailgun.

Conclusion

It is normal for a jam to happen, so don’t feel upset when it occurs. Most likely you will experience a jam eventually while utilizing your nail gun, however, that doesn’t mean there is no real way to keep jamming from occurring in any case.

You can avoid most jam situations by regularly inspecting the nails to ensure they are set up as they should. If you actually set aside time to inspect, you would definitely discover early indications of a possible jam and avoid it before happening. Over the long haul, setting aside time to inspect your nails will spare you from several unjams later on.

Nail Gun Safety Rules

Nail Gun Safety Rules

 

Nail Gun Safety Rules

Pneumatic nailers have replaced the hammer on wood construction especially in the roofing industry with its ability to reduce hours on the job with hammers.

However, nailers can also cause severe injuries.

Here are some nail gun safety rules and tips for you.

  1. Always use your safety gear: eye protection, work boots, heavy gloves, and ear protection.
  2. Know your trigger. Always know your tool and what trigger it has as well as what the trigger it is set on since some of them allow choice of triggers on the fly. When you use a bump trigger you would press the nose of the nailer to the spot you want to nail and then pull the trigger or it could be set to pull the trigger then bump the area to be nailed. This is why it is so important to know your triggers as some nailers can be almost continuous nailers.
  3. Pay attention to your surroundings: this includes making sure there are no tripping hazards, places in which you could fall off, etc.
  4. Never ever point your nailer at anyone, if you were to trip it could fire a nail.
  5. It is important to hold the nailer properly when using.  Do NOT ever climb a ladder with a loaded nail gun against your body or hooked to the air hose.
  6. When cleaning a jam or any other maintenance make sure the tool is not connected to the air hose.
  7. Nail guns should never be used around combustibles so do NOT do it.
  8. Always check the nailing surface for wires such as electrical wires or pipes that could be carrying gas.
  9. Pay attention to your movements; always start at the outside edge and work in or from the back and move forward this will lessen your risk of falling.
  10. When you store your nailer make sure that it is stored properly in the case; this not only protects the nailer but helps reduce the risk of unintentional accidents.
  11. If you are supervising a crew with nailers make sure each crew member knows how the nailer works, as well as, which trigger it is set on. Be sure they are using their safety equipment as well.
  12. Always follow the manufacturer’s directions for maintenance and proper use of the tool.
  13. Never use the wrong nails in your nailer improper size could lead to malfunction and injuries.
  14. Before you start your day, check your nailer to make sure it is in proper working order. Look for jams, loose trigger, or guards.
  15. Every so often you should go over the safety rules or do’s and don’ts of the nailer, a refresher never hurts anyone.
  16. Always use the proper nailer for the job. You would not use a butter knife as a screwdriver, so do not use a brad nailer where you should be using a finish nailer.

A checklist for safety with your nailer

Here is a checklist you can use for yourself or your crew members with nailers to help ensure safety;

Item of safety Yes No
Safety gear: eye and ear protection, footwear, gloves
Tool maintenance: checked for loose parts, proper size of nails, trigger set up, or jams
Inspection of the work area for hidden lines, pipes, or trip hazards
Discuss the proper and safe use of nailer
Reminder discussion of safety rules (bi-weekly or monthly)

Conclusion

This checklist can be made for weekly or turned into a monthly checklist which could be dated and initialed or just a check mark made each day.

This is a good idea especially if you are running a crew, should one be injured on the job, you will have a record of the safety checks that were done.

Remember safety first always pays off in the end.

how to oil a nail gun

How to Oil a Nail Gun

How to Oil a Nail Gun: User-Friendly Guide

A nail gun is one of the simplest air tools on the market, in essence, they are little more than an air drive piston machine that drives the nails into whatever you are working on. This being said, the pistons in your airgun are just like those in your average car engine.5 Simple Steps How To Unjam A Nail Gun

They must be properly lubricated on a regular basis. If you don’t add a few drops of pneumatic tool oil in the right places, your nail gun won’t last for very long.

The good news is that unlike many other “power” tools that have long lists of items you need to maintain them, the only thing you need to lubricate your nail gun is a bottle of pneumatic tool oil. Be aware that this is a specific type of oil that is designed for use in pneumatic (air driven) tools.

You should never attempt to use lubricants such as WD-40 as they are not designed for this purpose and their use could lead to catastrophic damage to your nail gun.

The Process of Lubricating Your Nail Gun

Before getting started, keep in mind that your safety is of the utmost importance any time you are performing maintenance on your nail gun. Be sure to disconnect the nail gun from the air hose before proceeding with any type of maintenance from clearing a jammed nail to lubricating the gun.

  1. First remove any nails that are left in the nail gun whether they are in strips or a cartridge, including the one in the “chamber” if your nail gun has one. Not only will this make oiling and cleaning it easier, it is a matter of safety.
  2. Next, hold your nail gun with the air hose connector in an upright position. This will allow you to lubricate the gun.
  3. Using the bottle of pneumatic oil, add two to four drops of oil through the air inlet port.
  4. Reconnect the nail gun to the air hose.
  5. With the gun still unloaded, squeeze the trigger a few times to allow the piston to cycle which will help to spread the oil throughout the operating mechanism.
  6. While you are doing this, observe the condition of the oil coming out of the exhaust port. If it is dirty, repeat the oiling process until the oil spray comes out clean. Not only does doing this help to flush out any dirt that might be hiding in your gun, it will help increase your gun’s lifespan by keeping the inside as clean as possible.

 

At this point, your nail gun is properly lubricated and you can reload it and return to work. As you can see the oiling process is relatively simple and should be repeated on a regular basis.

If you like videos, here is a one that explains it well:

Final Thoughts and Tips

One of the most common causes of nail gun failure is failing to keep it properly lubricated. There is more to this story than just lubrication. No matter what type of air dryer you have on your compressor if you even have one, some level of moisture is going to pass through your nail gun.

Oiling your nail gun is the best way to keep the water out of it and protect the inside mechanism from corrosion that could lead to catastrophic failure.

Now that you know how to oil a nail gun, be sure to take care of yours on a regular basis. You should oil your nail gun every five to eight hours of heavy usage. While your nail gun will blow a small amount of oil out of the exhaust port when your first lubricate it, if this continues past the first few pulls of the trigger, you are adding too much oil.

Although this will not damage your nail gun, it could end up on your project. Hold a rag loosely over the port and cycle the gun several more times to clear out the excess oil (remember to do this without any nails loaded in the gun) and you should be ready to go.

Oiling your nail gun on a regular basis every time you use it is the best thing you can do to ensure it continues to work properly and provide you with many years of flawless performance.

Unjam nail gun

How To Unjam A Nail Gun

5 Simple Steps On How To Unjam A Nail Gun

Nail guns are efficient power tools that are used in driving nails and staples into metal, wood and some other materials. They are utilized in the stead of the customary hand-held mallet as a result of their convenience and brisk outcomes.

Since nail guns get such a great amount of utilization on construction sites, they jam quite frequently. The task of unjamming a nail gun is amazingly simple, yet appropriate safety precautions must be followed to avoid injuries.

Why does a nail gun jam?

Nail guns are consistently utilized at a very high rate in areas like construction sites. This makes nail guns like the Bostitch N62FNK-2 more inclined to jams.  The more a nail gun gets used, the more probable you are to encounter a jam.

Jams can likewise happen when you are trying to drive a nail into a material, and there is something hindering the site of passage. In the event that you unintentionally put a nail in a spot where another nail is, it will probably constrain your nail toward the exit point of the gun and thereby result in a jam.

Safety first

Before tending to any issue with your nail gun, evacuate every power source, such as the fuel cell and the battery. Once your nail gun becomes inoperative, you can then proceed to clear the jam, however, make sure to keep it facing far from you.

Follow the simple steps below to unjam your nail gun:

 

1- Turn off the power source

Start by ensuring that the gun is turned off. Ensure that air is not stuck and then remove the batteries or cord. With that, you have maintained a strategic distance from it being turned on by mistake when working on it.

Now place a white rag underneath the nail gun to be able to see the nail effortlessly after ejecting it out from the barrel. As warned earlier, always ensure that the gun facing is far from you, to avoid any face injury that can happen when taking a shot at this undertaking.

2- Open up the barrel

The next action is to open the barrel and find the release switch. This will enable you to release the stuck or jam nails. Please note that you won’t find this switch with every nail gun. Most up to date models do, however numerous older models don’t.

So don’t freeze in the event that you don’t see one on your nail gun. On the off chance that your nail gun doesn’t have a release switch, then look inside the barrel to check for any nail that is lying down or in reverse position. So be calm to examine it in order to choose the next line of action.

3- Evacuate the stuck nails

In the event that you find a nail stuck in your gun, it is either you try pulling it out using a plier or use another nail to pry it out. Continue doing either of these until the point when the nail eventually gets out.

This might cost you much time, but if you are persistent enough, you will definitely get the job done sooner rather than later. Once more, this is just if your gun doesn’t have a release switch or on the off chance that they are actually stuck at the exit point.

4- Organize and refill

Evacuate the nails that might not be facing where they normally should be facing and refill the nail gun with nails facing the opening or the correct direction.

5- Close up and restore the power source

Close up the barrel and reestablish the power source. The power source will probably be batteries or power cord. At that point, you can start using the nail gun again.

 

Here is a short video that explains quite well on How to Deal with a Nail Jam

Conclusion

It is normal for a jam to happen, so don’t feel upset when it occurs. Most likely you will experience a jam eventually while utilizing your nail gun, however, that doesn’t mean there is no real way to keep jam from occurring in any case.

You can avoid most jam situations by regularly inspecting the nails to ensure they are set up as they should. If you actually set aside time to inspect, you would definitely discover early indications of a possible jam and avoid it before happening. Over the long haul, setting aside time to inspect your nails will spare you from several unjams later on.

Type of nails

Types of Nails

Types of Nails: THE Guide To Selecting The Appropriate Nails For Your Projects

 

Nailing is regarded as the most fundamental and most regularly used means of attaching members in the construction of wood frame. More often than not, nailing is used as a structural connection and thus appearance isn’t a factor. Special cases are nails utilized for decking, cladding, and finish work, by which adequate care in choosing the nail type can prompt improved appearance.

Screws depend on threads to create withdrawal resistance. Nails are quicker to install, especially with a nail gun, however, depend primarily on friction in order to resist withdrawal. Thus, designs ought to guarantee that nails are stacked laterally and that withdrawal loads are kept to a base. Nails are produced in lengths ranging from 13mm (1/2″) to 150mm (6″). While spikes are produced in lengths ranging from 100mm (4″) to 350mm (14″) and they are of tougher ratio than nails.

Types of Nails

Nails are made in different sorts to suit particular applications. Nails are made of aluminum, brass, and copper, although regularly of steel. The steel might be galvanized or plain, the former being the right option for moist applications in which a rust-resistant nail is needed. The following is the list and all that you need to know as well about the most widely recognized types of nails.

 

Types of Nails

Common Nail

As the name implies, these are simply your regular nails. Utilized for rough constructions, the common nail can be obtained in lengths ranging from 1 to 6 inches (2d to 60d). The most recognized common nails are known as spikes.


Types of NailsBox Nail

These nails resemble common nails, however like thinner version. This implies they are more averse to cause wood

splitting; because they displace less wood, and they additionally have less holding capacity, so are not normally utilized where the strength of the structure is critical. You will find box nails available in 1 inch to 31/2 inches.


Types of Nails

Finishing Nail 

Finishing nails are utilized to finish works. At the point when the nail head will appear in the last product (same as moldings, for instance), finishing nails are frequently utilized in light of the fact that their barrel-shaped heads are so small that they can be driven beneath the surface of the wood utilizing a nail set (a strategy called countersinking).

Finishing nails can be found in lengths starting from 1 to 4 inches (2d to 20d).


Types of Nails

Casing Nail 

A close relation of the just mentioned nail type, the finishing nail, this casing nail is somewhat bigger and has expanded holding capacity. It is frequently utilized for joining moldings, for example, door and window casings where extra strength is needed.


BradTypes of Nails

Brads are basically small finishing nails, proportionately smaller in length and diameter (not more than an inch). They are utilized in frames making, joining plywood framing, and also in cabinet­work.


Roofing NailTypes of Nails

Roofing nails have lopsidedly vast, round heads and a little bit heavier shafts for their lengths. They are intended to hold roofing materials together, asphalt-based materials and composition.

With a specific end goal of resisting rust, roofing nails are made of aluminum or intensely galvanized. 3/4 inch to 13/4 inches in sizes are common; the penny framework is not utilized as a part of reference to roofing nails.


Masonry Nail 

Types of Nails

A few sorts of nails are being sold; all are intended to be driven into concrete or brick walls. These tough nails may have fluted shafts or be rectangular in section, however, all are hardened to resist breaking and bending as they enter rock-hard materials.

As masonry materials are, make sure to wear your safety goggles or glasses while nailing masonry nails, as flying chips are of big threat to your eyes.


Cut Flooring NailTypes of Nails

The solitary surviving direct relative of the once-prevailing cut nail is this flooring nail. These nails are strong, large, and often utilized a nailing machine.

 


Spiral Flooring NailTypes of Nails

 

Spiral flooring nails were customarily utilized for nailing subfloors and features a spiraled shaft. Nail guns and the particularly made nails utilized with them have outdated these nails in most construction works today.


Types of Nails

Annular Ring Nail

Regularly come in galvanized steel as we may know, annular ring nails are normally utilized as siding nails, to hold shingles or clapboards in place, or for framing or underlayment. They are normally thin, fixed with rings for additional holding capacity, and impervious to rust.


Duplex Nail

Types of Nails

This can be termed as a variation the common nail type. However, duplex nail features a second head, which is formed a short distance down the pole within the end of the nail. This nail type is utilized for temporary constructions (such as staging and scaf­folding) in light of the fact that it can be driven easily, yet easy to withdraw.

 


Other Nails

Drywall nails that feature rings around their necks are made for hanging wallboard; they traditionally have their heads driven somewhat beneath the surface of the plaster panel (the hammer strokes make dimples that are then filled in with joint plaster or compound).

Nails coated with cement are generally the weight and size of box nails, yet are coated using resin for additional holding capacity. They are utilized in nailing outside sheathing.


 

Conclusion

The most fundamental of clasp, nails are basic for construction works where the additional strength and cost of a screw is pointless. Common nails are meant for general utilize and are accessible in different sizes — if thickness of material permits it, pick one that is no less than three times longer than the depth of the thinner materials that are being nailed.

Traditional nails, specialty nails, and brads are intended for particular tasks or finishes and are designed in sizes reasonable for what they are intended for. The correct nail for a job should always be utilized. Always ensure that the nail you eventually pick is the one that is most suitable for the sort of job you are doing. What’s more, ensure to always patronize a company renowned for its durable and sturdy nails.

types-of-drills

Types Of Drills

Guide On The Different Types Of Drills

Although drilling a hole in a piece of material may seem like the simplest of tasks, having the wrong combination of drill type and bit will soon make your realize how inefficient and potentially hazardous the wrong combination can be.

In this article, we will take a look at the various tools available to perform the specific task of drilling. We’ll examine the benefits and limitations of each of these drills. In addition, we’ll look at the variety of drill bit designs and construction materials to help you find the ideal fit for your specific task.

SAFETY DISCLAIMER

It is highly recommended that you wear eye protection when working with a drill, as well as a mask if you are drilling through concrete or any other material where dust  and debris may be generated in the process.

Drill Options

There are a wide range of options available for tools that can handle the task of drilling. The right choice for your particular task will depend on your budget for tools, the location of the item you are trying to drill, and the material you are working with. In our analysis, we take a look at corded drills, cordless drills, hammer drills, and the drill press as options to consider when determining the right fit for whatever project you are undertaking.

Although impact drivers are very adept at driving screws into wood — due to their ability to provide both radial and axial force — we have left it off this list, as our focus is solely on assessing types of drills. That said, if you are working primarily with wood and go back and forth between drilling and driving screws, the impact driver might be your best choice.

Impact drivers apply a downward-pushing force, accompanied by a characteristic clicking sound; this force is in addition to the rotational energy that comes standard with other drills or drivers. The forward motion reduces the amount of forward force the user needs to apply and helps to reduce the chance that the bit will slip out of the screw. This is especially helpful when working with hardwoods or with long screws.

Corded Drills

If you are working on projects that require long periods of sustained drilling and you are going to be near an electrical outlet, a corded drill might just be your best option. This type of drill can be used with wood, metal or concrete materials. As we will explore later, your success with each material will depend on whether you choose the right bit for the task.

Another huge benefit of a corded drill is that it is always ready to go to work whenever you plug it into the socket. Cordless drills may require you to take periodic breaks to let the battery recharge or to purchase additional batteries or chargers to keep the production going.

All you have to think about with a corded drill is whether or not you can do the work near a plug, or if your extension cord is long enough to reach an electrical outlet.

Although it used to be true that corded drills provided more torque than cordless drills, with the increasing capabilities of batteries and cordless tool design, the difference between the two has reached the point of being almost negligible. 

Cordless Drills

The choice between the corded and cordless drills really comes down to personal preference regarding power source, convenience, mobility, and ergonomics. These two types of drills vary slightly in their abilities, but they are generally so similar in performance as to make the speed and torque categories almost a toss-up.

You should choose a cordless drill as the best option for your task if you are working primarily with wood or metal, and if your material is far away from a power outlet. Although the drill press will offer the best efficiency for drilling through metal, the cordless drill or corded drill options will get the job done just as well, especially if you don’t have access to a drill press for your project. Additionally, although a cordless drill isn’t the best option for concrete, it will work in a pinch.

Hammer Drill

The hammer drill is specifically designed for working with concrete. The pulverizing action of the hammering motion combined with the drill’s rotary movement works to break up and move through concrete. This is a specific tool for a specific task.

It works great on concrete and comes in corded and cordless varieties. If you are working with concrete, stone, brick or mortar, the hammering action of these drills, along with the correct concrete bit, makes for a highly effective and useful tool.

The main drawback of this piece of equipment is its limited usage beyond stone and cement materials. While it won’t be as effective as the hammer drill, you can get away with using a concrete bit with a regular drill — this will get the job done slowly but surely. That said, if you have it in your budget to add a hammer drill to your tool set and you do regular work with concrete-type materials, it can be a valuable addition.

Drill Press

The bulkiest and most expensive piece of equipment on this list is the drill press. Not everyone will be able to afford or have room for this tool — but, if you do, you’ll immediately recognize its value. The drill press is designed to use a levering mechanism to produce the forward motion of the bit.

Because of this efficiency, the drill press requires the least amount of physical effort to produce the drilling action. This tool also keeps the piece and the drill bit held in uniform position, which produces very accurate and reliable results.

If you have access to a drill press and you can get the material into position on it, this should be your go-to tool for both wood and metal drilling projects. This tool is especially effective for harder and denser materials or for drilling projects that need to be highly accurate.

Drill option summary

If you are working with wood, metal, or even concrete and have to deal with repetitive tasks in a variety of locations, a cordless or corded drill will be a good all-around tool for these tasks.

However, the drill press is always going to be the most accurate and efficient tool for drilling tasks involving hardwood or metal, given the levering involved in the tool’s design, as well as its ability to hold the piece and bit in a uniform position.

Of course, not everyone has the budget or room in their shop for a drill press. If you do have one and can get your material within range the drill press is ideal, especially for more robust materials.

Likewise, although you can use a regular corded or cordless drill to do concrete drilling, the hammer drill is specifically designed for the task and will be much more efficient at producing results.

Bit options by material

As we have seen, the effectiveness of your drilling project has much to do with the type of drill you use. Perhaps even more so, your success will be highly dependent on the bit. Here, we will take a look at the recommended bit materials and designs for wood, concrete, and metal, in order to help you make the best choice for your needs.

Wood

Bits that are designed to drill through wood will feature a pointed tip in the center of the leading edge that serves to pilot the hole. Generally, the threads of the drill will start farther back and there will be space for material to be pushed back, out of the way of the head of the bit.

If you are working with softwood, a standard steel bit will have enough toughness to bore through the material and maintain its sharpness. However, these bits will struggle more and lose their sharpness under the strain of hardwood material.

High-speed steel (HSS) bits are stronger than regular steel bits and will hold up better when working with hardwood material. HSS bits resist heat better and maintain their sharpness over a longer period of time. They are also more versatile and can be used to drill into wood, fiberglass, PVC, and soft metals like aluminum.

Combining an HSS wood drill bit with a drill press will produce the best possible results when working with wood.

Tip for drilling in wood

One of the most common issues that people run into when drilling into wood is having the spaces in the bit become clogged with material. When this happens, the leading edge is unable to move forward into the material and the drilling process stops. Make sure you clear out any debris as you drill by pulling the bit out of the hole regularly, especially on deeper cuts.

Concrete

A masonry bit is designed to bore efficiently through concrete, stone, brick, and mortar. These bits have a curved tip that features a solid edge that grinds away material.

When working with harder stone and more dense material, a masonry bit with a tungsten carbide tip will provide the strongest grinding material. When working with concrete, the recommendation is to use the sharpest bit you can find.

Combining a masonry bit with a tungsten carbide tip and using a hammer drill will produce the best results when working with concrete and stone materials.

Tip For Drilling In Concrete

To cut down on dust, you may choose to inject a small amount of water into the cut while you are working, or between stages of drilling. This will also help reduce heat on the cutting edge and will keep the cutting surface clean of debris.

Just be careful that the water doesn’t get into the motor of the drill while you’re working. If you are using a hammer drill, this technique may not be plausible or effective while you are drilling but may help to clean out the hole between stages of drilling.

Metal

A cobalt (HSCO) bit is generally considered the top choice when drilling into metal. It is an upgrade from HSS materials because of the addition of cobalt. Bits that work best on metal will not have a pilot point like those designed for wood. Instead, metal bits will have a triangle shape at the tip.

Carbide is considered the hardest material in a bit. However, carbide tips are also the most brittle and have the greatest chance of snapping under strain.

The ideal combination for drilling through metal will be an HSCO bit with a drill press, used on a slow rotational setting. To cut down on heat buildup around the bit, keep the rotational speed down and use a lubricant of some kind on the cutting surface. There are numerous products on the market, termed cutting oil or cutting lubricant, which is perfect for this task.

Tips for drilling in metal

Generally, it is better to drill at a slower pace when you are working with metal. If you rotate the bit too fast, you will build up heat on the tip and won’t be giving the cutting edge a chance to catch on the surface.

You will also benefit from giving the center of the bit a place to start by punching a dent into the surface of the metal with an appropriate tool or by drilling a small pilot hole. This will keep the bit from wandering at the beginning stages of the drilling.

Finally, to keep down the temperature on the cutting edge of the bit, some form of lubrication can be applied to the drilling surface.

types-of-screw-heads

Types Of Screw Heads

A Simple Guide to Choosing the Right Screwdriver Bit

 

Most of us simply think of screwdrivers as being either slotted or Phillips. In truth, there are many other types you may not be aware of. That is, at least, until you suddenly find yourself trying to fix the washing machine, only to find some strange screw head you have never seen before.

There are more than a dozen different types of screw head in use today. This guide is designed to help you find the right screwdriver for each application.

 

Types Of Screw Heads

 

Slotted  

This is the first known screw style, and even today you can still find it in use practically everywhere. The problem with these is that far too often, the screwdriver slips out of the slot or damages the slot if you are using too much force. Slotted screw heads come in a range of sizes, the most common of which are #1, #2, and #3.

Phillips 

The Phillips drive has become one of the most popular screw heads in the world. The design allows you to apply more force without having to worry about stripping the head. These screws come in a range of drive sizes, the most common of which are #1, #2, and #3; of these, the #2 size is the most commonly used.

Source: Phillips Screw Company

Tamper-Resistant Phillips

These are relatively uncommon and are typically used by manufacturers in their tools or products to keep consumers from tampering with or attempting to modify them. They look just like the standard Phillips drive, but there is a tamper-resistant pin located in the middle of the cross. These screws are not used in applications where high levels of torque are applied, as the head design is quite weak.

Source: Phillips Screw Company

Pozidriv 

We don’t see a lot of these here in the U.S., but they are very common in Europe. They look a lot like a standard Phillips drive but there are four additional contact points, designed to reduce the risk of damage under high torque. They were originally designed for use with power screwdrivers.

Source: Phillips Screw Company

Quadrex 

This screw head looks like a combination Phillips and square recess drive. You see a lot of these being used in electronics and appliances built in China. While it looks like you should be able to use either a Phillips or square drive, you must have the right bit or you will strip the head.

Square Recess 

These screws are becoming very popular, as they have a high resistance to “camming out”. Camming occurs when the screwdriver tip slips out of the head and damages it to the point at which the head is stripped out. The most common sizes in use today are #1 and #2, but you may find others depending on the application. This type of drive is also referred to “Robertson.” It is not made for high-torque applications.

Tamper-Resistant Square Recess

This screw has a similar design to the standard square recess but, like its cousin the tamper-resistant Phillips drive, there is a pin in the center of the recess. This pin requires the use of a specific type of driver. They are typically used in low-torque applications, such as in electronics to help keep consumers from gaining access to the inside components.

Torx 

Often referred to as a “star” drive, this six-pointed socket head was originally developed for the automotive world. However, it can now be found in other products, such as motorcycles, computers, and consumer electronics. At first, these screws were used in areas requiring some level of tamper-resistance, but now they are used in areas that require higher levels of torque due to the design’s resistance to “cam out”. Sizes are listed as T(x) and range from T1 to T100.

Tamper-Resistant Torx 

Also referred to as securityTorx®, these screws are exactly the same as the standard Torx® screw but have a security post in the center. This post prevents the use of a standard Torx® bit or a slotted screwdriver. You will find more of these screws used in the automotive and electronics industry as the need to protect delicate components from tampering increases.

Torx Plus 

The Torx® Plus design was introduced in the 1990s at just about the same time that the patent for the original design was set to expire. This design features lobes that are more square-shaped. This change reduces the amount of wear on both screw and bit. It also allows for more torque to be used without the risk of damage or “camming out”. It is also designed to be used at high speeds such as those seen on modern factory production lines.

Tamper-Resistant Torx® Plus 

This particular form of Torx screw and bit is only available to those who are licensed to use it. You must complete specific paperwork to indicate you are authorized for purchase. This is because the design is intended for use in high-security settings such as correctional facilities. Not only does this configuration have the center post in the screw head, but there are only five lobes instead of the usual six.

External Torx 

This is the exact opposite of the standard Torx® bit in that the torx projects from the head of the screw. Sizes are denominated by the prefix “E” instead of “T”, but do not correspond to the same sizes. The most common use for these screws is in the motor manufacturing industry. They are rarely seen anywhere else.

Interior Hex 

Originally called an “Allen” style bit after the first company to produce them, these are extremely common screws, used in a wide variety of applications. The hexagonal shape, with its six flat faces, helps ensure full contact with the driver, but it also tends to create excessive pressure on the corners. This can lead to failure if the interior socket of the head becomes deformed. They are best used in low-torque applications.

Exterior Hex 

This is one of the most common screw profiles in use today. The head looks just like a standard nut in that it has six faces that sit at 120 degrees to each other. Not only can you use a hex driver on these screws, you can also use the right size wrench, an adjustable wrench, or either a six or twelve point socket. These screws are good for use in tight spots where a square head would not allow for much turning radius.

Tamper-Resistant Hex 

These screws and bits are only available on a very limited basis, as the screws are used by certain manufacturers to protect their equipment from misuse by the end user. They are similar in design to most tamper-resistant screws in that they have a post set in the center of the hole. They are offered in standard fractional sizes as well as metric.

Tri-Wing 

Also referred to as a triangular slotted screw, it has three “slotted” wings, along with a small triangular shaped hole in the center. The slots are offset and do not actually intersect in the middle of the screw head. These screws were developed by Lockheed and the aerospace industry back in the 1970s for use on the L-1011. Today, they are most commonly found in the electronics industry.

Spanner Drive 

While the above image shows a pair of holes for the spanner bit to be inserted into, you will find that the more common spanner screws simply have a pair of notches cut into the head. This design is used as a way to prevent tampering and is used in places like public restrooms and elevators. Another common use for these screws is for the soft spikes in golf shoes. There is a three notch version that is used by gun manufacturer Microtech. Leica cameras use something very similar on their rewind knobs and other levers.

One-Way Screws 

This is a highly specialized type of screw that can be installed using a standard slotted screwdriver bit. However, the other side of the slots is ramped in the opposite direction. When you try to use a slotted bit to remove them, the bit simply slips out of the screw head. You will find these used to discourage vandals in public restrooms, on VIN plates on vehicles, and in many other locations. They are generally used in applications where removal is unlikely to be necessary.

TA Style Screws 

This type of screw has a triangular recess in the head. The sides of the triangle are straight. They are often used in children’s toys, vacuum cleaners, elevators, fan heaters, Master® locks, camping stoves, and Breville® brand kettles. They are used in an attempt to keep consumers from disassembling the products or gaining access to areas where injury can occur.

Spline Drive 

The inside of the spline drive screw head has twelve individual splines, as does the driver of the corresponding tool. The splines all have a 60-degree angle, forming three equilateral triangles. They are commonly used in high-torque applications including locking automotive lug nuts and cylinder head bolts. You may also find them in use in other engine bolt applications.

 

The Final Twist

This is a list of the most common types of screw drive styles in use; there are of course a number of others. Some of these have such limited uses that you are not likely to ever come across them. Others have been out of use for decades.

The most important thing to remember is that you should always use the right screwdriver for each type of screw head. Failure to do so could result in screw heads that become too damaged to remove — and in potential injury. The good news is that you can find tools to work with these and just about any other type of screw heads, even those that have been out of production and use for a very long time.

One last thought: be sure to check the condition of your screwdriver bits each time before you use them. A worn or damaged bit can cause severe damage to the screw head, resulting in your having to drill the screws out to remove them. There is always the right tool for any job you are likely to undertake.